India’s Pragmatism In the direction of The West – OpEd

India, the world’s largest democracy and a rising international energy, has usually been considered as a pure ally of the US and the EU in countering China’s affect and selling a rules-based worldwide order. Nevertheless, its responses in the course of the 2022 conflict between Russia and Ukraine have make clear the intricacies and contradictions of India’s alignment with the West. This text argues that India operates as a realistic and opportunistic participant, prioritizing its personal pursuits and values, even when they diverge from these of its Western companions.

Pragmatic Vitality Insurance policies – A Driving Pressure Shaping India’s Actions

India’s international coverage choices are considerably influenced by its pursuit of vitality safety. With an ever-growing demand for oil and fuel, India closely is determined by vitality imports, counting on international sources for round 85% of its oil and 53% of its fuel wants.

The outbreak of the Ukraine-Russia battle offered India with a chance to strengthen its vitality safety by capitalizing on Russia’s enticing reductions on oil costs. In consequence, India significantly elevated its oil imports from Russia in the course of the conflict, with Russian oil now accounting for practically 20% of India’s annual crude imports, up from a mere 2% in 2021.

A Balancing Act – India’s Pragmatic Stance on the Ukraine-Russia Battle

India’s strategy to the Ukraine-Russia battle displays pragmatism and strategic issues. Nonetheless, this pragmatism has created challenges and dangers for its international coverage. On one hand, India faces stress and isolation from its Western allies and companions, who firmly oppose Russia’s aggression in Ukraine. Each the US and the EU have expressed dissatisfaction with India’s oil purchases from Russia, contending that it weakens the sanctions regime and eases stress on Moscow to finish its aggression.

Moreover, they’ve cautioned India in regards to the potential dangers related to over-reliance on Russian vitality, comparable to provide disruptions, value volatility, and safety threats. However, India grapples with uncertainties and volatility from its strategic associate, Russia, which is enmeshed in a battle that holds vital implications for regional and international stability. Russia’s actions in annexing components of Ukraine have been executed with out prior session with India, and its disregard for worldwide legislation and norms poses challenges for India’s pursuits, notably in Afghanistan, the place Russia’s assist for the Taliban regime could be a trigger for concern.

India’s oil imports from Russia have generated considerations amongst its Western allies and companions, resulting in the imposition of sanctions on Russia’s oil and fuel sector and urging international locations to lower their dependence on Russian vitality. The US and the EU have launched measures comparable to a value cap plan, geared toward limiting Russia’s oil export revenues to maintain costs beneath $60 per barrel. Furthermore, the EU has ceased Russian oil imports by sea and banned the import of refined oil merchandise from Russia, trying to exert stress on Russia and sign collective condemnation of its actions in Ukraine.

India’s Protection of its Vitality Coverage and Quest for Strategic Independence

Within the face of criticism, India has staunchly defended its oil imports from Russia, citing vitality safety and financial pursuits as main drivers of its choices. India contends that as a nation closely reliant on vitality imports and with a big inhabitants residing in poverty, it can’t afford to bear the burden of upper oil costs.

The nation emphasizes that it isn’t in violation of any worldwide legislation or obligation by buying oil from Russia and clarifies that it has not explicitly endorsed or supported Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.


India’s international coverage responses in the course of the Ukraine-Russia battle underscore the nation’s pragmatic strategy to worldwide relations. India’s concentrate on vitality safety and financial pursuits has led to strategic decisions that won’t at all times align with these of the US and the EU. Consequently, India’s alliances are multifaceted, not solely grounded in ideological or geopolitical components. The implications of India’s actions increase questions on its position within the Indo-Pacific area and the worldwide order, urging the US and the EU to recalibrate their expectations and methods in direction of India.

Acknowledging India as a competitor and a problem relatively than an unwavering ally can be essential for understanding the dynamics of future collaborations and navigating the nuances of India’s international coverage choices on the worldwide stage. As India continues to say its strategic independence, its pragmatic international coverage will proceed to form its alliances and interactions with the broader world.