Kazakhstan is acknowledged as a outstanding world exporter of wheat and barley, rating within the prime ten nations by way of export quantity. The nation is actively pursuing methods to reinforce its commerce capability, with a selected deal with increasing its market attain and exploring untapped alternatives within the foreseeable future.
Kazakhstan performs a major function within the world agricultural market as a outstanding producer and exporter of assorted grains, with a selected emphasis on wheat, barley, and different cereals. Kazakhstan has the notable place of being the first grain producer in Central Asia, with the aptitude to export about half of its annual grain manufacturing. In 2021, the agricultural manufacturing of Kazakhstan amounted to round USD 8.4 billion. The nation efficiently exported round 7.5 million metric tons (MMT) of grain, together with 6.5 MMT of wheat and 0.8 MMT of barley. Wheat is the first crop within the nation, encompassing the most important land space and accounting for 80% of the full grain manufacturing. Along with wheat, the agricultural sector additionally engages within the cultivation of many different crops, comparable to barley, cotton, sunflower seeds, and rice. Kazakhstan, as a major participant within the area, performs an enormous function within the exporting of flour, primarily focusing on neighboring Central Asian nations and Afghanistan.
The Central Asian area encompasses many adjoining nations to Kazakhstan that exhibit a major want for meals safety and have historic and cultural connections with Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has a substantial expanse of agricultural land, together with round 274 million hectares, or roughly 74% of the nation’s total geographical space.
The aforementioned attribute establishes Kazakhstan as one of many largest nations worldwide by way of geographical space. The favorable geographical traits throughout the nation present an optimum surroundings for the cultivation of cereals. The predominant areas for grain manufacturing embrace the northern territories, specifically Kostanay, Akmola, and North Kazakhstan. Moreover, East Kazakhstan, Abai, and Pavlodar are notable areas the place substantial grain manufacturing takes place. Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Russia are the first recipients of Kazakh grain imports.
Uzbekistan has the place of being the first recipient of Kazakh grain, constituting round 47.3% of the full grain exports from Kazakhstan. Afghanistan serves as a major recipient of Kazakh grain, which is transported through Uzbekistan over the railway route between Termez and Hairatan. Turkey is a constantly dependable purchaser of Kazakh grain, demonstrating a desire for superior high quality indices.
Kazakhstan, a outstanding grain producer in Central Asia, is now in negotiations with the Abu Dhabi Ports Group (ADP) to develop a cooperative enterprise targeted on enhancing the transportation of Kazakh agricultural exports through Iranian and Gulf ports. Moreover, the corporate is collaborating with the UAE to ascertain a transport route for the export of grain throughout the Caspian Sea. This initiative goals to lower transportation prices and time whereas concurrently broadening the vary of buying and selling companions.
A gathering was organized between Serik Zhumangarin, the Minister of Commerce and Integration of Kazakhstan, and David Tafti, the chief govt officer of Simatech Delivery. The target of the convention was to evaluate the viability of growing a direct commerce pathway for Kazakh exports, specifically focusing on markets located alongside the East African coast, India, the Center East, Pakistan, and the Persian Gulf.
Kazakhstan and the United Arab Emirates are collaborating to ascertain an enterprise aimed toward facilitating a reliable and efficient transportation infrastructure for the exportation of Kazakh grain throughout the Caspian Sea. As well as, as a part of its strategic enlargement efforts, the grain transport entity primarily based within the United Arab Emirates acquired a fleet together with 45 automobiles and two barges. Notably, every barge might accommodate as much as 350 vans for transportation functions.
In keeping with the official assertion from the United Arab Emirates (UAE), there’s a proposed extension of the present truck fleet to achieve a complete of 200 vans in the course of the subsequent 4 months. Moreover, there’s a future aim to considerably improve the variety of automobiles to an incredible 1,000. The three way partnership intends to make use of a fleet of 4 boats with a person carrying capability of seven,500 tons to move varied forms of items, together with bulk, container, and cargo. This transportation will happen between the ports of Kuryk and Aktau in Kazakhstan and the ports of Amirabad, Bandar Abbas, Bandar Imam Khomeini, and Chabahar in Iran. Subsequently, the cargo might be relocated to the ports of Khalifa and Fujairah within the United Arab Emirates, together with many ports in India, Pakistan, the Far East, and the East Coast of Africa.
The implementation of this route has the potential to considerably cut back supply durations and facilitate Kazakh exporters’ entry into Iranian ports comparable to Amirabad, Bandar Abbas, Bandar Imam Khomeini, and Chabahar. This proposed route will present improved communication between the ports of Khalifa and Fujairah within the UAE, in addition to a number of ports in India, Pakistan, and the East Coast of Africa. Because of this, this may result in a rise in market alternatives for his or her agricultural items.
In the course of the discussions, the events involved performed an evaluation of many alternate options for the transportation of products throughout the Caspian Sea into Iran, thereafter persevering with the transit to nations positioned within the Persian Gulf. The three way partnership goals to supply the mandatory infrastructure to facilitate environment friendly operations, utilizing the port of Kuryk in Kazakhstan and the port of Jebel Ali within the United Arab Emirates as the first logistical facilities. With the presence of two specialised dry ports for the consolidation and re-packing of merchandise, Kazakh exporters may have a singular alternative to effectively transport their items throughout Iran over two to 3 days.
Kazakhstan and the UAE are actually engaged in efforts to ascertain a novel transport path to export grain. Their shared aim of accelerating commerce quantity and broadening market attain within the Center East, Africa, India, and Pakistan is the driving drive behind this initiative. Kazakhstan, as a outstanding contributor to world agricultural manufacturing, performs a major function within the cultivation of wheat, barley, and a number of other different grains. Nevertheless, the nation has geographical impediments with regards to successfully exporting its agricultural commodities on a worldwide scale. Russia, China, and a number of other Central Asian nations make up nearly all of the area in query that’s landlocked. These neighboring nations possess restricted port services and impose substantial transit prices. Therefore, Kazakhstan must discover alternate routes that may successfully mitigate its transportation bills and time constraints.
One believable transportation route is utilizing the Caspian Sea as a conduit, facilitating connectivity between Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Russia. The Caspian Sea has the excellence of being probably the most expansive landlocked physique of water globally, with ample pure assets together with oil and gasoline reserves. Nonetheless, some political and authorized complexities include the use and development of this know-how. As well as, a number of environmental and safety elements affect the protection and long-term viability of marine ecosystems.
Kazakhstan is poised to reinforce its grain exports and acquire entry into new markets characterised by a major want for meals safety. The United Arab Emirates stands to realize vital benefits from its distinctive geographical location, positioning it as a pivotal regional heart for commerce and logistics. Each nations can even have the chance to strengthen their relationships with different nations alongside the route, together with Iran, India, Pakistan, and different African nations. This may improve the steadiness and promote the event of the area.
In conclusion, Kazakhstan has appreciable prospects for assuming a major function throughout the world grain financial system. Nevertheless, it confronts a number of obstacles, together with geographical limitations, political and authorized complexities, and market volatility. The institution of this transport route is anticipated to reinforce financial collaboration between Kazakhstan and the United Arab Emirates whereas additionally facilitating the enlargement of their commerce networks to incorporate a wider vary of companions.