With the 112th anniversary of Taiwan’s Nationwide Day on 10 October, future prospects stay bullish and vital for Malaysia-Taiwan ties, in creating new frontiers of financial and important know-how cooperation in chips, in addition to in forging a extra reliable power and meals safety that may guarantee regional stability and a two-way assurances of power and meals safety primarily based on the a long time of belief and sincerity cast.
Taipei and Kuala Lumpur proceed to reap the returns of mutually useful and very important ties, particularly sooner or later indicators of essential financial growth pillared on excessive know-how and the semiconductor business.
Typical ties which were formed by strong conventional elements together with commerce and funding and other people to folks relations, at the moment are in strategic want of a brand new part of future pushed know-how and geostrategic dependence.
Folks to folks ties have been the primary bedrock of the affirmation of shut ties pushed by tourism and schooling and the widely strong curiosity, consciousness and appreciation of each other’s distinctive cultural choices.
A rising vacation spot for Muslim pleasant services, Taiwan at present ranks third within the world Muslim journey index for standard journey locations and first amongst Asean international locations.
The bilateral cultural connections stay wealthy, particularly within the potential of the cultural exchanges and growth within the area of movie, music, literature and the popular culture which type a significant a part of Taiwan’s id with established progress and capability.
Greater than 13,000 Malaysian college students are at present pursuing their research in Taiwan, making up a complete of greater than 100,000 Malaysians who’ve pursued larger schooling in Taiwan.
Aside from the established folks to folks connections and flourishing cultural diplomacy, commerce and financial partnership stays of the subsequent essential significance.
Taiwan is Malaysia’s fifth largest buying and selling companion, and Malaysia is Taiwan’s eighth largest. Commerce for this 12 months has reached a historic excessive of US$36.6 billion (RM172.4 billion), a 36% improve in contrast with final 12 months. Taiwan has been the nation’s eight largest investor, investing a complete of US$14 billion on the finish of 2022.This symbolises the enduring competitiveness as a strategic supply of funding location for top finish buyers from Taiwan particularly within the realm of producing and companies industries.
Greater than 1,700 Malaysian firms are working in Taiwan, having fun with the supportive local weather of funding in Taiwan and the spillover impression to each events.
The semiconductor business stays probably the most essential geopolitical prime asset that offers probably the most reassuring returns to each events and with that, serving because the very important influencing card in dictating regional and world safety and energy parity in a long time to return.
As Malaysia is now scrambling to regain its misplaced lustre within the semiconductor business with the brand new lure and added investments of chips giants together with Infineon and Intel, Taiwan’s present and main experience within the chips business should be strategically tapped into and being moulded in a two-pronged secure and trusted provide chain safety in a complementing symbiosis.
Taiwan has strategic future positive aspects in tapping into Malaysia’s future potential and increase within the semiconductor area. The rising focus within the nation for the subsequent part of development within the chipmaking sphere offers a strategic second entrance fallback for Taiwan and its dominant chips business. The $7bn facility in Kedah that may ultimately be Infineon’s and the world’s largest manufacturing web site for silicon carbide chips, stays an affidavit of the longer term potential of the nation’s benefit in excessive tech industrialization, alongside different essential minerals together with uncommon earths.
Malaysia was an early chief in Asian chipmaking by attracting many overseas chipmakers within the Nineteen Seventies, incomes the nickname of “the Silicon Valley of the east”. Finally, we misplaced floor to South Korea and Taiwan, with the rise of Samsung Electronics and Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Firm (TSMC) within the Nineteen Nineties.
Close to the Kulim Industrial Park that homes Infineon, Intel is constructing its largest web site for superior 3D chip packaging in Bayan Lepas, a brand new area rising as the subsequent battleground area that may make extra highly effective chips.
Malaysia permitted a $15.25bn funding within the first quarter of 2023, and is already a significant hub for the ultimate steps of the chipmaking course of.
It controls 13 per cent of the worldwide marketplace for packaging, meeting and testing companies and are the sixth-biggest semiconductor exporter. Nonetheless, it nonetheless depends closely on overseas chip firms to maintain this business, with the likes of Intel, NXP, Infineon, Texas Devices and Renesas.
Rising calculations challenge that Malaysia is now one in all three main manufacturing hubs in Asia, together with Taiwan and South Korea. Our asset stays our strategic provide chain and manufacturing location and ease of logistics, with different supportive instruments internally.
These are the areas the place Taiwan can totally capitalize on, and to extend strategic tie-up on this business as a trusted and secure secondary entrance for its big chips making capability led by TSMC. Whereas competitiveness has exponentially grown within the scramble to lure prime know-how investments within the area with rising peer competitors, Malaysia stays the perfect guess for exterior selections and for Taiwan to leverage, primarily based on these elements of present and new insurance policies on inexperienced and digital power and financial postures and present historic and cultural connections.
Dangers stay excessive for a future potential battle with Taiwan’s China dilemma, and the repercussions reverberate far and extensive together with a direct fallout on Malaysia’s financial and geostrategic vulnerabilities and safety.
Malaysia has the best potential in semiconductor funding in ASEAN, and there are greater than 50 Taiwanese multinational semiconductor enterprises in Malaysia. The oil and fuel sector and inexperienced and renewable power, alongside meals and power safety, stay the crux of the brand new underpinnings of deeper financial and funding connections between Taipei and Kuala Lumpur that present large new ripple and spillover results.
Whereas some have argued that Malaysia is poised to profit probably the most from the exodus of prime companies from China, with Vietnam, India and Indonesia as regional rivals in additional bolstering the high-tech and chips sectors, present inside capacities and readiness in offering the capital and tax assist, high quality workforce and systemic funding supportive instruments and a long run stabilising political and financial local weather alone is not going to guarantee a resilient and externally suitable structural chain of geostrategic returns from these new industries.
It would want a complementing and belief primarily based mutual compatibility of wants, contextual widespread dangers and a fellow succesful energy denominator in guaranteeing that the long run returns from the event of those industries present the yearned safety and financial competitiveness targets and advantages.
As Consultant Phoebe Yeh has argued, combining Taiwan’s upstream manufacturing of chemical substances and silicon wafers, and Malaysia’s downstream testing and packaging companies, will create excessive finish win-win returns in creating Malaysia’s excessive know-how panorama with the suitable assist and injection of technical experience from Taipei.
Taiwan’s New Southbound Coverage presents a brand new strategic opening for Malaysia to totally reap its mutual advantages. The coverage seeks to minimize Taiwan’s financial dependence and publicity with mainland China, and to hunt a brand new development engine, financial growth and affect on this area for the way forward for Taiwan’s resilience and prosperity. A affluent and secure Southeast Asia stays very important for Taiwan’s future progressive development and stability and as a frontier of financial and safety assist.
The New Southbound Coverage, launched in 2016 beneath the Tsai Ing-wen administration,offers incentivisation of efforts for native enterprises to take a position and commerce extra in Southeast Asian international locations, and Malaysia is greatest positioned to make sure this coverage offers the wanted returns to each.This enhances Taiwan’s standing as one of many prime 20 outward overseas direct funding (OFDI) international locations.
In focusing on the area for its financial and commerce returns, the Coverage additionally engages extensively with the brand new potential of the halal business, as evident within the ramping up of Muslim pleasant assist and services in Taiwan for tourism, with practically 200 halal licensed eateries and resorts, and dealing with JAKIM to achieve halal certification for Taiwanese companies, meals, and different merchandise. Different areas of excessive returns embrace capitalising on each other’s energy, together with on well being, schooling, analysis and scientific development.
Malaysia’s conventional Look East Coverage has lengthy been fixated with the mannequin of Tokyo and Seoul’s fast industrialisation and cultural and work ethics, however Taiwan now presents the very important lacking hyperlink in the whole spectrum of strategic and clever steadiness of productive effectivity and efficacy of the systemic and structural human capital funding with focused long run resilience of know-how and infrastructure development in a concerted all of nation strategy.
The enduring ties primarily based on mutual help stay very important to either side, and openings for future development stay extensive open. Assist and help have been offered to Malaysia through the 1997 Asian Monetary Disaster and the nice haze throughout the identical 12 months. Each Taiwan and Malaysia at the moment are on the forefront of regional and world geopolitical significance particularly in power and useful resource safety and stability in provide chain. Each stand to achieve extra from deeper partnerships in present and new areas.
In transiting in direction of a extra strategic partnership away from the normal domains of commerce and funding and financial partnership, the sphere of peace and stability with each ethical and technical assist and unwavering affiliation for the rules-based order and the values primarily based normative strategy of the worldwide system and rule of legislation stay the best pillar that types the bulwark of regional and world stability.
Each Taiwan and Malaysia are prime examples and fashions of regional progressive hallmarks of democracy and freedom. Taiwan additionally stays a beacon of unyielding resolve in staunchly standing up for the rule of legislation and progressive societal development that upholds human rights throughout the spectrum, with future pushed socio-economic insurance policies that promote stability and peace. These are the first pillars wherein each Taipei and Kuala Lumpur stay steadfastly and positively intertwined, and each should be clever and strategic in preserving this ever essential relationship that may outline a brand new period of financial and energy parity within the area and past.